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MATRIX INTERMEDIATE WORKBOOK
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Unit 6 Taking risks


Writing a biography

12 A famous explorer

A Answer these questions.

1 Where is Mount Everest?

2 Who were the first people to get to the top?

3 When did they climb the mountain?

В Read the biography quickly to see if your answers are correct.

13 Time references

Complete gaps 1-7 with these words and phrases.

    • today • before • later • the first thing that • during his lifetime • two years later • already
Edmund Hillary is famous as a mountaineer and an explorer. He was born in Auckland, New Zealand on July 20, 1919. 1 ............... he took up mountain climbing, Edmund worked as a beekeeper. In fact it wasn't until 1951 that he began to climb seriously.

2..............., in 1953, Hillary became a member of the British Everest expedition. He had 3 .............. climbed the Alps and the Himalayas, so he was well prepared. The aim of the expedition was to conquer the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest.

Hillary said 4...............that the biggest motivation to climb Everest was the fact that no one had done it. However, although the expedition team was strong, in the early stages of the climb Hillary didn't think they would succeed. It wasn't until he and Tenzing Norgay got close to the top of the mountain, that they realised it was possible. 5...............Hillary did when he got to the top was take photographs so that he could prove they had reached the summit. Pictures of their conquest of Everest were published on 2 June, the same day as Queen Elizabeth's coronation in Britain.

6...............over 600 climbers have climbed Everest, including Hillary's son Peter. When he reached the summit in 1990, he called his father on a satellite phone.

7............... , Hillary has been involved in climbs, Arctic journeys, and trips up the Ganges River. He has often been back to Nepal, where he has encouraged the building of schools and hospitals, and campaigned against deforestation. He has also written several books, and in 1975 completed his autobiography, Nothing venture, nothing win.


Edmund Hillary is famous as a mountaineer and an explorer. He was born in Auckland, New Zealand on July 20, 1919. Before he took up mountain climbing, Edmund worked as a beekeeper. In fact it wasn't until 1951 that he began to climb seriously.

Two years later, in 1953, Hillary became a member of the British Everest expedition. He had already climbed the Alps and the Himalayas, so he was well prepared. The aim of the expedition was to conquer the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest.

Hillary said later that the biggest motivation to climb Everest was the fact that no one had done it. However, although the expedition team was strong, in the early stages of the climb Hillary didn't think they would succeed. It wasn't until he and Tenzing Norgay got close to the top of the mountain, that they realised it was possible. The first thing that Hillary did when he got to the top was take photographs so that he could prove they had reached the summit. Pictures of their conquest of Everest were published on 2 June, the same day as Queen Elizabeth's coronation in Britain.

Today over 600 climbers have climbed Everest, including Hillary's son Peter. When he reached the summit in 1990, he called his father on a satellite phone.

During his lifetime , Hillary has been involved in climbs, Arctic journeys, and trips up the Ganges River. He has often been back to Nepal, where he has encouraged the building of schools and hospitals, and campaigned against deforestation. He has also written several books, and in 1975 completed his autobiography, Nothing venture, nothing win.

14 Ordering events

Read the biography again and put these events in the correct order.

a He wrote his autobiography.

b He got to the top of Everest.

с Не joined the British Everest expedition.

d He climbed the Himalayas.

e He worked as a beekeeper.

f His son climbed Mount Everest.

1e 2d 3c 4b 5a 6f

15 Writing

Read these notes about the life of another famous explorer and complete the biography. Write about 200 words.

1868: Robert Falcon Scott born. As a child interested in the sea.

1880: Joined Royal Navy. Became a very good officer.

1901-1903:Led British Antarctic Expedition. Sailed south on ship Discovery. Explored new areas of the South Pole.

1910: Made a Captain. Travelled to Antarctica. Attempt to be first to the South Pole.

1911 November 1: Began journey with 11 men. December 31: Severe weather, seven men returned. Scott and four others continued.

1912 January 18: Arrived at South Pole. Found that explorer Roald Amundsen already reached it.

1912 March 29: Died on his way home in severe snowstorm.

Robert Falcon Scott... (when was he born?) . When he was a child ... (what was he interested in?) , so in 1880 he ... . He was a very good officer. In fact he was so good that between 1901 and 1903 ... (what did he do?) . During the expedition ... (what did he explore?) . Seven years later... (what did he become?) . In the same year he ... (what did he do?) . The journey began .... Unfortunately ... (what did they find when they arrived?) . Finally...


Unit 1. BORN TO BE BRILLIANT. Writing descriptions. Travel and sightseeing.

Unit 2. THE WRONG MAN. Writing a profile. Words describing appearance.

Unit 3. TIMES PAST. Writing a Talk. The Millenium Dome.

Unit 4. SMALL BEGINNINGS. Writing a letter of complaint.

Unit 5.  FAME AND FORTUNE. Writing a composition. The Lottery.

Unit 6. TAKING RISKS. Writing a biography.

Unit 7. MEANS OF COMMUNICATION. Writing a report. ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE INTERNET TO YOUNG PEOPLE.
 

Unit 8.  WHAT IF ... ? Writing a discursive composition. An ideal job.

Unit 9. TRAVELLERS' TALES. Writing a story. My holiday nightmare.

Unit 10. THE RIGHT CHOICE. Writing a job application.