Matrix Upper-Intermediate Tests
Achievement Test 1
Achievement Test 2
1 From statements 1-10, circle five which reflect the content of the text.
2 The children were shown the panda before the test session.
3 The children were told that the panda wanted to improve its speech.
4 Some of the children did not want to join in the experiment.
5 The children could not see the experimenter who was providing the voice of the panda.
6 A bell was used by the experimenters to signal the panda's mistakes.
7 The children had to tell the panda why he had made a mistake.
8 The children were always able to spot an error.
9 This technique helped children behave more naturally.
10 This technique was not successful overall.
Talking pandasHow do we know when young children are able to recognise errors in what people say? One ingenious research technique made use of a toy that was able to 'talk'. A toy panda, about 75cm tall, was bought into a nursery where children (aged between three and five) were playing. They were told this was a very special kind of panda, because he was learning to talk. He wanted the children to come and see him one at a time, and talk to him so his speech would get better. They were all more than willing to help.
In the laboratory test session, two experimenters were involved. One stayed in the room with the panda and child, playing with the various materials. The other was outside the room, observing the session through a one-way mirror, unseen by the children, speaking into a microphone linked to a loudspeaker in the panda's head. The children were trained to press a bell when the panda said something they thought was right, and to press a buzzer when he was wrong. The panda would also ask the children why he was wrong, if they did not immediately give a reason.
The main reason for developing this method of carrying out research was to reduce the extent to which a child might be influenced by the presence of an adult, or overawed by an artificial test situation. The children adapted to the situation enthusiastically - the technique proved to be a very good way of testing sentence comprehension and conversational skills. In one of the comprehension studies, for example, a small car was placed in each of the four small garages, and a fifth car was left outside. The panda then said such sentences as 'all the garages have cars in them' (which was true) and 'all the cars are in the garages' which was false. The children's reaction showed how far they were able to grasp the distinction between the sentences.
2 Choose the best answer, a, b, c or d, to complete the sentences.1 My cousin finished the London Marathon even though the weather was terrible and he had hurt his ankle. It was a truly_____achievement.
b lights up
3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs.
2 Last year the school______________new safety regulations.
3 My father still hasn't______________how to programme the video.
4 I______________what I said about Jane, I was completely wrong about her.
5 Ally keeps__________ going to the dentist because she hates it so much.
6 We only had an hour at the exhibition, it was difficult ______________so many pictures.
4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets.1 I would like an _____________for why you are late again. (explain)
2 Some people think it is more difficult to ______________things as one gets older. (memory)
3 The results of the scientists'______________of the monkeys' behaviour is very interesting. (analyse)
4 Scientists predict major_____________ in space travel in the next decade. (develop)
5 I am quite frightened of my neighbour's dog. He seems very______________to me. (aggression)
6 It is hard to imagine what life was like before the ______________of the telephone. (invent)
7 The bookshop sells______________books, CDs and videos. (education)
8 My friend was so___________ about her dance class, I decided to go along as well. (enthusiasm)
5 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verb in brackets.1 If only I (not / wake up) so late, I would have caught the train.
2 I wish I (listen) to the lecture, I might have done better in the test.
3 If only Anna (not / forget) her wallet, we could have gone to the cinema.
4 If only I (telephone) Rebecca last night, I would have heard the news sooner.
5 I wish I (not / spend) so much money on holiday!
6 Complete the other halves of these sentences using the modal verbs in brackets.1 If Jane had known it was your birthday, she / buy you a present. (would) __________________________________________
2 My brother / get a job on a newspaper, if he hadn't sent his application in late. (might) __________________________________________
3 If I hadn't been so tired, I / win the tennis match. (could)
4 If you'd left the house earlier, you/ have to stantfin a queue, (would / not) __________________________________________
5 Sue / marry Angus if she hadn't met Jim. (might)
7 Complete the sentences using the third conditional.1 If I had known how hot it was going to be, I ______________ (bring) my sunhat.
2 I would have stayed at home yesterday evening if I ______________(not / have) an unexpected invitation.
3 If Rob had known how hard the training was, he ______________(not /enter) for the race.
4 If I ______________ (realise) she was on her own tonight, I would have asked her to the party.
5 Jane wouldn't have gone to music school if her teacher ______________(not / encourage) her.
8 You have been asked to write a report (200-250 words) on the educational system in your country, to send to students in other European countries.Include:
• ages of compulsory schooling
• different types of secondary school
• range of subjects studied
• foreign languages studied
• exams taken
Giving a short presentation
Here are some points you could mention:
• why you chose the person
• the person's style
• some famous works
• important details of the person's life
• the person's reputation
• the person's influence on other people
Test 9 Answers1 Statements 2, 3, 5, 7, 9
2 1 b 2a 3b 4c 5 d 6a
3 1 to take up 2 brought in 3 worked out 4 take back
5 putting off 6 to take in
4 1 explanation 2 memorise 3 analysis
4 development(s) 5 aggressive 7 invention
8 educational 9 enthusiastic
5 1 hadn't woken up 2 'd listened 3 hadn't forgotten
4 'd telephoned 5 hadn't spent
6 1 would have bought 2 might have got
3 could have won 4 wouldn't have had to stand
5 might have married
7 1 would have brought 2 hadn't had
3 wouldn't have entered 4 'd realised
5 hadn't encouraged