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MATRIX INTERMEDIATE WORKBOOK
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Unit 9 Travellers tales

  • Reading

  • Vocabulary

  • Grammar

  • Writing
  • Grammar

    Exam training

    Choosing the right tense in the exam, you may have to complete a gapped text with the correct form of the verbs given in brackets. Follow this approach.

    Read the whole text first ignoring the gaps. This will give you a general idea of the topic and when events happen, e.g. in the past, present or future.

    Read the text carefully and look at the words surrounding each gap. Look for time markers such as before, after, yesterday, at the moment, in the future, since then, as, while.

    Once you have completed the text, check your answers carefully.

    7 Past simple, past continuous or past perfect?

    Complete this interview with explorer, Brent Sullivan, the first man to swim down the Amazon river. Put the words in brackets into the correct form.


    Presenter The Amazon is the largest and most dangerous river in the world. At the time of Brent's journey, it 1 ............... (be) also extremely cold. So, Brent, why 2 ............... (you / decide) have you decided to do the swim?

    Brent That's an interesting question. I suppose it was a new challenge. Nobody 3 ................ (ever / do) it before.

    Presenter Did 4 ................ (you / feel) prepared for the expedition?

    Brent Yes, I did. I 5 ............... (just / spent) five months in the rainforest so I 6 .................... (already / learnt) how to survive.

    Presenter How 7......................(you / manage to) to survive?

    Brent Well I 8 .................... (eat) wild bananas, mangoes and fish from the river.

    Presenter 9 .......................(you / meet) other people during your journey?

    Brent No I didn't. But while I 10 ..................... (travel) down the river 11 .............. (see) a lot of interesting wildlife, such as monkeys, crocodiles and snakes. And piranhas of course.

    Presenter What 12 ..............(be) your most frightening moment?

    Brent Once as I 13 ................(go) down the rapids*, I 14 ............. (hurt) my leg on a rock. It was quite badly injured, but fortunately I 15 ............... ( not break) it.

    Presenter And if you had the chance to swim the Amazon again, would you do it?

    Brent I think so. There were times when I wanted to give up, but there were also magical moments. While I was swimming down the river, I felt as if I was the only person on Earth. That was special.


    * the rapids = part of a river where the water flows very fast over rocks


    Presenter The Amazon is the largest and most dangerous river in the world. At the time of Brent's journey, it was also extremely cold. So, Brent, why have you decided to do the swim?

    Brent That's an interesting question. I suppose it was a new challenge. Nobody has ever done it before.

    Presenter Did you feel prepared for the expedition?

    Brent Yes, I did. I have just spent five months in the rainforest so I have already learnt how to survive.

    Presenter How did you manage to survive?

    Brent Well I ate wild bananas, mangoes and fish from the river.

    Presenter Did you meet other people during your journey?

    Brent No I didn't. But while I was travelling down the river I saw a lot of interesting wildlife, such as monkeys, crocodiles and snakes. And piranhas of course.

    Presenter What was your most frightening moment?

    Brent Once as I was going down the rapids*, I hurt my leg on a rock. It was quite badly injured, but fortunately I didnt break it.

    Presenter And if you had the chance to swim the Amazon again, would you do it?

    Brent I think so. There were times when I wanted to give up, but there were also magical moments. While I was swimming down the river, I felt as if I was the only person on Earth. That was special.


    * the rapids = part of a river where the water flows very fast over rocks

    8 Error correction

    Correct the mistakes in these sentences.

    1 Everyone was surprised when Brent completed his swim. They didn't expected him to succeed.
    1 Everyone was surprised when Brent completed his swim. They didn't expect him to succeed. - correct

    2 A Did you teach him how to survive? B Not really. He already lived in the rainforest for five months.
    B Not really. He has already lived in the rainforest for five months. - correct

    3 As Brent was swimming down the river, he was hurting his leg.
    3 As Brent was swimming down the river, he hurt his leg. - correct

    4 After he was resting for a few days, Brent continued on his journey.
    4 After he has rested for a few days, Brent continued on his journey. - correct.

    5 Brent wasn't knowing that the crocodile followed him.
    5 Brent didnt know that the crocodile followed him. - correct

    9 Language patterns: reflexive verbs

    A In the article, the writer says: she taught herself first aid... The verb in bold is a reflexive verb. Complete the chart with appropriate reflexive pronouns.
    Singular Reflexive Plural Reflexive
    I myself we ourselves
    You yourselfyou yourselves
    He himself they themselves
    She herselfthey themselves
    It itself they themselves

    B Now add an appropriate reflexive pronoun to these sentences.

    1 You can teach yourself survival skills with this book.

    2 Brent had to prepare himself for his trip down the Amazon.

    3 Emma learnt how to protect herself before her adventure.

    4 During the climb we couldn't wash ourselves for two weeks.

    5 In order to survive in the jungle, I had to look after myself and eat only fruit.

    6 The explorers gave themselves two months to get to the North Pole.