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Unit 7 Means of communication


Grammar

8 Present perfect and past simple; present perfect simple and continuous; the passive

Read this radio interview with fashion designer John Gregson. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form. In some gaps, more than one form may be possible.

9 Error correction

Correct the mistakes in these sentences.

1 In the 1980s jeans have been worn by most teenagers.
1 In the 1980s jeans were worn by most teenagers. - correct

2 I've had a computer for two years, but I never sent an email.
2 I've had a computer for two years, but I have never sent an email. - correct


3 A Has Rachel always wanted to be a fashion designer?
B Yes, she does. Ever since she was at school.
3 A Has Rachel always wanted to be a fashion designer?
B Yes, she has. Ever since she was at school. - correct

4 A Has John been on holiday recently?
B Yes, he's been to London. He's returning next week.
4 A Has John been on holiday recently?
B Yes, he is in London. He's returning next week. - correct

5 Have you ever been playing a computer game?
5 Have you ever played a computer game? - correct

6 I've bought a pair of combat trousers last week.
6 I bought a pair of combat trousers last week. - correct

7 A Where have you been?
B I've done my homework. I still haven't finished.
7 A Where have you been?
B I've been doing my homework. I still haven't finished. - correct

10 Language patterns: question word + infinitive

We can use an infinitive after a question word like how, how long, what, who or where, e.g.

Animals show their young how to behave.

When I met Maria, I didn't know what to say.


N.B. We cannot use an infinitive after why.

Complete the sentences with who, what, where or how plus one of these verbs. 1 Paul always knows...............to everybody. He's very sociable.

2 Greg will know...............the problem. He's brilliant at Maths.

3 Sally wasn't sure...............for the party.

4 Did you learn...............a car this summer?

5 Do you know...............body language effectively?

6 Tracy didn't know...............her boyfriend for his birthday.

7 Can you show me...............this computer? It isn't working.

8 Sue couldn't decide...............for her holidays.


1 Paul always knows what to say to everybody. He's very sociable.

2 Greg will know how to solve the problem. He's brilliant at Maths.

3 Sally wasn't sure what to wear for the party.

4 Did you learn how to drive a car this summer?

5 Do you know how to use body language effectively?

6 Tracy didn't know what to give her boyfriend for his birthday.

7 Can you show me how to fix this computer? It isn't working.

8 Sue couldn't decide where to go for her holidays.

Presenter For 120 years, jeans 1...............(be) an important fashion item. In the 1950s they 2...............(wear) by stars like Marlon Brando, and quickly 3...............(become) the symbol for rebellious youth. However, recently jeans 4 .,.............(lose) their cool. What went wrong?

John Well, nowadays jeans 5...............(buy) by the older generation, that is most teenagers' parents.

Presenter And most teenagers don't want to wear the same clothes as their parents?

John That's right. Since older people 6............... (start) to wear jeans, fashion-conscious youngsters 7...............(look) elsewhere for a new image. They 8...............(try) to re-establish a separate teen culture.

Presenter So what 9...............(replace) jeans for today's generation?

John Things like combat trousers. During the 1990s, these trousers 10...............(change) teenage fashion. Pop groups like All Saints wore them and they 11...............(develop) the same cool image that jeans once 12...............(have). Since then teenagers 13...............(begin) to wear designer combat trousers rather than traditional Levis jeans.

Presenter But aren't jeans cheaper than designer trousers?

John Yes, they are. In fact since last year jeans such as Levis 14...............(sell) in supermarkets. But for many teenagers, jeans you can buy in a supermarket are not exclusive enough. Most prefer to spend more on a designer label.

Presenter Is there any good news for jeans?

John Yes, there is. Although fewer teenagers 15..................(buy) jeans last year, six out of ten men and 46% of women still wear them regularly. Jeans are still the most popular type of trousers, which shows that they 16....................(not go out of) fashion yet.



Presenter For 120 years, jeans have been an important fashion item. In the 1950s they were worn by stars like Marlon Brando, and quickly became the symbol for rebellious youth. However, recently jeanshave lost their cool. What went wrong?

John Well, nowadays jeans are bought by the older generation, that is most teenagers' parents.

Presenter And most teenagers don't want to wear the same clothes as their parents?

John That's right. Since older people started to wear jeans, fashion-conscious youngsters have been looking elsewhere for a new image. They are trying to re-establish a separate teen culture.

Presenter So what replaces jeans for today's generation?

John Things like combat trousers. During the 1990s, these trousers changed teenage fashion. Pop groups like All Saints wore them and they developped the same cool image that jeans once had. Since then teenagers began to wear designer combat trousers rather than traditional Levis jeans.

Presenter But aren't jeans cheaper than designer trousers?

John Yes, they are. In fact since last year jeans such as Levis have been sold in supermarkets. But for many teenagers, jeans you can buy in a supermarket are not exclusive enough. Most prefer to spend more on a designer label.

Presenter Is there any good news for jeans?

John Yes, there is. Although fewer teenagers bought jeans last year, six out of ten men and 46% of women still wear them regularly. Jeans are still the most popular type of trousers, which shows that they haven't gone out of fashion yet.