It you could invent something new, what product would you develop? TOEFL Writing Topics

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Структура сочинения. Типичные обороты и выражения.

Введение = Introduction

- In this set of materials, the reading passage discusses an attempt to deal with the problem of... , and the listening passage explains why this attempt was not a successful one.

- In this set of materials, the reading passage describes a type of... , and the listening passage provides an extended example of this type of...

- In the lecture the professor/teacher/lecturer made several points about...

- The professor/teacher/lecturer argues that...

- The points made by the professor/teacher/lecturer agree with the reading.

- In fact, the examples used by the professor/teacher/lecturer support the reading.

Основная часть сочинения (один-два абзаца) = Body Paragraph(s)

- The first point that the professor/teacher/lecturer uses to support the reading is...

- According to the professor/teacher/lecturer...

- This point supports the reading, which holds (полагает/считает) that...

- The point made by the professor/teacher/lecturer supports the reading because...

- Furthermore, the professor/teacher/lecturer bolsters (поддерживает) the reading by stating that (+ point #2)...

- The professor/teacher/lecturer claims that (+ detail for point #2)...

- This point agrees with the reading, which contends (утверждает/заявляет) that...

- The point shows the truth of the reading because...

Заключение = Conclusion

- In conclusion/In sum/To sum up/In the final analysis...

- To sum up, the points made in the lecture support the reading. The points from the lecture demonstrate that the fact/idea discussed/described (the information presented) in the reading is valid (веский, обоснованный).

TOEFL Writing Topics

• Темы сочинений (Writing Topics) 1-13
• Темы сочинений 14-30
• Темы сочинений 31-43
• Темы сочинений 44-60
• Темы сочинений 61-72
• Темы сочинений 73-90
• Темы сочинений 91-106
• Темы сочинений 107-133
• Темы сочинений, новые 1-23

44. Your community has enough money to hire one new employee. Which one of the following (three choices will be presented in the actual test) should your community hire?
• a community health worker
• a counselor
• an emergency medical technician
• a firefighter
• a judge
• a landscaper
• a police officer
• a recreation center director
• a teacher
Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

45. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.

46. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

47. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples in your answer.

48. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

49. A gift (such as a soccer ball, a camera, or an animal) can contribute to a child's development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice.

50. Some people pay money for the things they want or need. Other people trade products or goods for what they need. Compare the advantages of these two ways of obtaining things. Which way do you prefer? Explain why.

51. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People are never too old to attend college or university. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

52. Read and think about the following statement: Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Do you agree or disagree with this definition of success? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

53. Read and think about the following statement: People behave differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different clothes influence the way people behave? Use specific examples to support your answer.

54. What is the most important animal in your country? Why is this animal important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer.

55. Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by machine. Which do you prefer — items made by hand or items made by machine? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice.

56. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

57. Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

58. Entertainers such as actors, singers, and comedians contribute as much to society as professionals such as doctors, engineers, and teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

59. People learn in different ways. Some people learn by doing things; other people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to people talk about things. Which of these methods of learning is best for you? Use specific examples to support your choice.

60. Some people trust their first impressions about a person's character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge a person's character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes. Which attitude do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples.


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