Murphy 1998 Contents / Содержание учебника грамматики 1998 года под редакцией Реймонда Мерфи.
  1. Unit 1. Present continuous. I am doing.
  2. Unit 2. Simple present (I do).
  3. Unit 3. Present continuous (I am doing or simple present (I do)
  4. Unit 4. Present tenses. I am doing (I do with a future meaning).
  5. Unit 5. Going to. I am going to do.
  6. Unit 6. Will. Part one.
  7. Unit 7. Will (part two)
  8. Unit 8. Will or going to
  9. Unit 9. When and If sentences. When I do …or If I do…
  10. Unit 10. Will be doing and will have done.
  11. Unit 11. Simple past. I do.
  12. Unit 12. Past continuous. I was doing.
  13. Unit 13. Present perfect. I have done. Part one.
  14. Unit 14. Present perfect (I have done). Part 2.
  15. Unit 15. Present perfect. I have done. Part 3.
  16. Unit 16. Present perfect continuous (I have been doing).
  17. Unit 17. Present perfect continuous (I have been doing) or present perfect simple (I have done)
  18. Unit 18. Present perfect (I have done / I have been doing) with how long, for, since
  19. Unit 19. Present perfect with how long; simple past with when; since and for
  20. Unit 20. Present perfect (I have done) or simple past (I did)?
  21. Unit 21. Past perfect (I had done).
  22. Unit 22. Present perfect (I have done) or simple past (I did).
  23. Unit 23. Have and have got.
  24. Unit 24. Used to (I used to do)
  25. Unit 25. Can, could, and be able to
  26. Unit 26. Could (do) and could have (done)
  27. Unit 27. Must (have) and can’t (have)
  28. Unit 28. May (have) and might (have)
  29. Unit 29. May and might (future)
  30. Unit 30. Can, could, may and would: requests, permission, offers, and invitations
  31. Unit 31. Have to and must
  32. Unit 32. Should
  33. Unit 33. Subjunctive (I suggest you do)
  34. Unit 34. If sentences (present / future)

Unit 5. Going to. I am going to do.

We use going to (do) when we say what we have already decided to do, or what we intend to do in the future:

  • A: There’s a movie on television tonight. Are you going to watch it? B: No, I’m too tired. I’m going to make it an early night.

  • A: I hear Ann has won a lot of money. What is she going to do with it? B: I’ve heard she’s going to travel around the world.

    For the difference between will and going to see Unit 8.

    We prefer to use the present continuous (I am doing) when we say what someone has arranged to do – for example, arranged to meet someone, arranged to travel somewhere. Going to is also possible:

  • What time are you meeting Ann? (or are you going to meet)

  • I’m leaving for Europe on Monday, (or I’m going to leave)
    See also Unit 4a.

    We use was/were going to to say what someone intended to do in the past (but didn’t do):

  • We were going to take the train, but then we decided to go by car.

  • A: Did Tom take the exam?
    B: No, he was going to take it, but then he changed his mind.

    Going to also has another meaning. Study this example situation:

    The man can’t see where he is going. There is a hole in front of him.

    He is going to fall into the hole.

    Here the speaker is saying what he thinks will hap­pen. Of course he doesn’t mean that the man intends to fall into the hole.

    We use going to in this way when we say what we think will happen. Usually there is something in the present situation (the man walking toward the hole) that makes the speaker sure about what will happen.

    Look’ at those black clouds! It’s going to rain, (the clouds are there now) Oh, I feel terrible. I think I’m going to be sick. (I feel terrible now)

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