Unit 23. Have and have got.

Have / has / had = possess, but we also use have for other things (for example, family relationships):

  • We have a new car.

  • I have a brother and two sisters.

  • Tom has a headache / a cold / the flu / etc.

  • When she was a child, she had long blonde hair.

    In questions use do / does / did:

  • How many brothers and sisters do you have?

  • Does Ann have a car?

  • Did you have a car when you lived in California? (not had you a car) In negative sentences use don’t / doesn’t / didn’t:

  • I don’t have any money.

  • Ann doesn’t have any brothers or sisters.

  • I wanted to call you, but I didn’t have your number, (not I hadn’t your number)

  • He didn’t have a watch, so he didn’t know what time it was.

    Have got / has got

    You can use have got / has got rather than have / has alone:

  • We’ve got a new car. (= We have a new car.)

  • Tom has got a headache. (= Tom has a headache.) The question and negative forms are:

  • Have you got a headache? (= do you have)

  • Has she got any brothers or sisters? (= does she have)

  • I haven’t got any money. (= I don’t have)

  • Ann hasn’t got a car. (= Ann doesn’t have) But don’t use got for the past:

  • When she was a child, she had long blonde hair, (not she had got)

    Have for actions

    We also use have for a number of actions (especially eating and drinking):

    (You cannot use have got in these expressions.)

  • I always have a big breakfast in the morning, (not have got)

  • Did you have a good time last night?

  • We’re having a party on Saturday. Would you like to come?

  • What time does Ann usually have lunch?

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