ГлавнаяTo beThere + to beШкольные вопросыto be + 3-я формаТаблицы для скачивания

Что такое "to be + третья форма"?

to be + третья форма глагола = так образуется страдательный залог (Passive Voice)

Present Continuous (Progressive) Active and Passive. Use of being

Примеры: Первое предложение в действительном залоге, второе - в страдательном.

Я рассказал - Мне рассказали / I told - I was told
Я показал - Мне показали / I showed - I was shown
Она привела - Ее привели / She brought - She was brought
Мы спросили - Нас спросили / We asked - We were asked
Мы ответили - Нам ответили / We answered - We were answered
Мы послали - Нас послали / We send - We were sent
Они дали — Им дали / They gave - They were given
Он помог - Ему помогли / He helped - He was helped
Он посоветовал - Ему посоветовали / He advised - He was advised
Он забыл - Его забыли / He forgot - He was forgotten
Он помнил - Его помнили / He remembered - He was remembered
Мы пригласили - Нас пригласили / We invited - We were invited
Мы поправили - Нас поправили / We corrected - We were corrected
Он вылечил - Его вылечили / He cured - He was cured
Он позвал - Его позвали / He called - He was called


Они продали — Им продали / They sold - They were sold!! Их продали!! Stop!
Не все так просто в английском языке.
Им продали
имеет 2 варианта перевода.

Обратите внимание: здесь речь идет о людях.

1. They were sold something.
2. Something was sold to them.
Первый вариант предпочтительнее.

Но they может относиться и к неодушевленным предметам, и к животным, и к абстрактным понятиям. Поэтому They were sold также возможно, например:
Those cars (They) were sold. Те машины продали. Их продали. Они были проданы.

PASSIVE VOICE (Страдательный залог)
Способ образования: to be + III форма глагола
Спряжение глагола to take (брать, отводить)  во временах группы Simple в Passive Voice
Present Simple Passive
Утвердительное предложение Отрицательное предложение Вопросительное предложение
I am taken  I am not taken Am I taken?
He is taken He is not taken Is he taken?
She is taken She is not taken Is she taken?
It is taken It is not taken Is it taken?
We are taken We are not taken  Are we taken?
You are taken You are not taken Are you taken?
They are taken They are not taken Are they taken?
Past Simple Passive
I was taken I was not taken Was I taken?
He was taken He was not taken Was he taken?
She was taken She was not taken Was she taken?
It was taken It was not taken Was it taken?
We were taken We were not taken Were we taken?
You were taken You were not taken Were you taken?
They were taken They were not taken Were they taken?
Future Simple Passive
I shall (will) be taken I shall (will) not be taken Shall (will) I be taken?
He will be taken He will not be taken Will he be taken?
She will be taken She will not be taken Will she be taken?
We shall (will) be taken We shall (will) not be taken Shall (will) we be taken?
You will be taken You will not be taken Will you be taken?
They will be taken They will not be taken Will they be taken?

Задания и упражнения на страдательный залог
Как образуется страдательный залог (Passive Voice)

Когда употребляется страдательный залог

Примеры упражнений из учебника Ю.Б. Голицынского с ключами

Таблица всех времен в Passive Voice

Упражнения на сравнение действительного (Active) и страдательного залога (Passive).

Continuous Passive

Simple Passive

Grammar to Business