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The United Kingdom

TheUKis the most fascinating country for me. We have learned a lot about its history and culture at school I got interested in it so much that I have read lots of info about this country besides my school books.

TheUKis situated off the northwest coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and northwest and the North Sea on the east and is separated from the European continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover.

Britain forms the greater part of the British Isles. The full name of the country is the United kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The area of theUKtotals 2 hundred 44 thousand square miles.

The scenery in the Britain Isles varies greatly from region to region. There are moors and mountains, lakes and forests. The longest river in theUKis the river Severn, but the Thames is the deepest and the most important.

The highest mountain in theUKis Ben Nevis inS. It is 1 thousand 3 hundred 44 meters high.

The British climate has three main features: it is mild, humid and changeable. The English sometimes say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon, or when it rains all day long.

Over 57 million people live inUK. About 48 million people live inE, 5 million live inS, 3 million live inWand 1,5 million people live in Northern Ireland. For centuries people from overseas have settled in Britain either to escape political or religion persecution or in search of economic opportunities.

Each country in the British Isles has a national symbol. TheE's symbol is rose,Shas thistle,Whas daffodil and shamrock is the emblem of Ireland.

The state system of theUKis very interesting. It is a parliamentary monarchy. It means that the head of the state is a queen or a king who rains but doesn't rule. The legislative power belongs to the parliament. The parliament consists of two houses which are the house of lords and the house of commons. The head of the house of lords is lord-chancellor. One can become a member of the house of lords by heritage or by receiving the title of "sir", "duke" and so on by a queen or a king.

The members of the house of commons are elected. The party which has the majority in the parliament forms the government. The government consists of the prime minister and his cabinet. The executive power belongs to the government. The party which has the minority in the parliament forms the shadow cabinet.

The flag of theUK, known as the Union Jack, is made up of three crosses. The upright red cross is the cross of St. George, the patron saint ofE. The white diagonal cross (with the arms going into the corners) is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint ofS. The red diagonal cross is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. St. David is the patron saint ofW.

GB is one of the most important commercial and trading centres in the world. But Britain buys more goods then she sells. Not being a great agricultural countryEhas to obtain her food supplies largely from abroad. She also has to import many raw materials (wool, petrol, cotton).

  1. Holidays in Great Britain
  2. The English year
  3. UK political system

  4. History of London
  5. Places to Visit in England

  6. London. Places to Visit
  7. English traditions
  8. The epic Beowulf
  9. Shakespeare Quotes you can use
  10. London
  11. The UK
  12. The United Kingdom
  13. Population of the UK
  14. United Kingdom: Geographical Position
  15. The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland
  16. London #2
  17. Great Britain ()
  18. Emblems of the UK
  19. Survey of the British Geography and Life
  20. The UK Political system and Geography
  21. The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland #2