Present Perfect и Past Simple для школьников.

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Английский для поступающих в вузы

Запомните, Present Perfect - это настоящее время. Всегда имеется или подразумевается связь с настоящим. О том, что случилось в прошлом, мы говорим, используя Past Simple Tense, например:. Посмотрите на следующую ситуацию: Через 10 минут.
Present Perfect может переводиться на русский язык глаголами в прошедшем времени как и Past Simple. Три формы неправильного глагола to lose: lose, lost, lost

Present Perfect и Past Simple в диалогах

1) — HAVE you practised your English today ?
— Yes, I HAVE.
— When DID YOU PRACTISE IT?
— At my first lesson.

2) — Have you already done your homework?
— Yes, we HAVE.
— When DID YOU DO IT?
— Two hours ago.

3) — HAVE YOU SEEN this film?
— Yes, I have. It's a very interesting film.
— When DID YOU SEE IT?
— I SAW IT YESTERDAY.

4) — HAVE YOU CLEANED your room? It is so tidy!
— Naturally, I HAVE.
— When DID YOU CLEAN IT?
— Right after breakfast.

5) — They HAVE just FINISHED writing their test.
— Oh, HAVE THEY? And where DID THEY WRITE IT?
— THEY WROTE IT IN THEIR CLASSROOM.

6) — HAVE they started Unit II ?
— I believe, THEY HAVE.
— When DID THEY START IT?
— Last Monday.

7) Have you washed the clothes?
— Of course, I HAVE.
— When DID YOU WASH THEM?
— Early in the morning.

Present Perfect никогда не употребляется со словами:
yesterday, two days ago, last week,when I was a child. В этом случае используется Past Simple. Present Perfect используется со словами: just, already, ever, never, recently, lately, not yet. Обратите внимание на вторые половинки вопросов в Present Perfect Tense.

- He has already finished his dinner, hasn't he?

- He hasn't finished his dinner yet, has he?

Таблицы всех английских времен и упражнения к ним

Основные признаки (маркеры, сигналы) английских времен