Unit 80. Some and any…Some/any + -one/-body/-thing/-where
In general we use some
in positive sentences and any
in negative sentences (but see also sections b and d):
Ann has bought some new ? They don’t have any children.
I’ve got something in my eye. ? He‘s lazy. He never does any work.
We use any in the following sentences because the meaning is negative:
He left home without any money. (He didn’t have any money.)
She refused to say anything. (She didn’t say anything.)
If any letters arrive for me, can you send them to this address?
If anyone has any questions, I’ll be glad to answer them.
If you need anything, just ask.
Buy some pears if you see any.
We often use any/anyone/anything, etc., after if:
The following sentences are without if, but they have the idea of if:
Anyone who wants to take the exam must give me their names before Friday. (= if there is anyone who .. .)
I’ll send on any letters that arrive for you. (= if there are any)
Do you have any money? ? Has anybody seen Tom?
In questions we usually use any (not some):
But we often use some in questions when we expect the answer “yes”:
What’s wrong with your eye? Have you got something in it? (= I think you have something in your eye, and I expect you to say “yes”)
We use some in questions, especially when we offer or ask for things:
Would you like some tea? ? Can I have some of those apples?
You can catch any of these buses. They all go downtown. (= it doesn’t matter which of these buses)
Come and see me any time you want. (= it doesn’t matter when)
You can have anything you want for your birthday present.
We left the door unlocked. Anybody could have come in.
I’d rather go anywhere than stay at home during my vacation.
“Sing a song.” “Which song shall I sing?” “Any song. I don’t care.”
Any also has another meaning. Any/anyone/anybody/anything/anywhere can mean it doesn’t matter which/who/what/where:
Someone wants to see you.
Is anybody there?
Someone/somebody/anyone/anybody are singular words:
But we often use they/them/their after these words:
If anyone wants to leave early, they can. (= he or she can)
Somebody has spilled their (= his or her) coffee on the carpet.
For some of any of see Unit 78.
For not… any see Unit 81.