Unit 81. No/none/any No/any + one/-body/-thing/-where

No none no one nobody nothing nowhere

We use these negative words especially at the beginning of a sentence or alone:

  • No one (or Nobody) came to visit me when I was in the hospital.

  • No system of government is perfect.

  • “Where are you going?” “Nowhere. I’m staying here.”

  • None of these books are mine.

  • “What did you do?” “Nothing.”

    You can also use these words in the middle or at the end of a sentence. But don’t use “not” with these words. They are already negative:

    ? I saw nothing, (not I didn’t see nothing.)

    In the middle or at the end of a sentence, we more often use: notany/anyone/anybody/ anything/anywhere:

  • I didn’t see anything. (= I saw nothing.)

  • We don’t have any money. (= We have no money.)

  • The station isn’t anywhere near here. (= … is nowhere near here)

  • She didn’t tell anyone about her plans. (= She told no one) Where there is another negative word, you don’t need “not”:

  • Nobody tells me anything. (= People don’t tell me anything.)

    No and none

    We use no with a noun. No = not a or not any:

  • We had to walk because there was no bus. (= there wasn’t a bus)

  • I can’t talk to you now. I have no time. (= I don’t have any time)

  • There were no stores open. (= There weren’t any stores open.) We use none alone (without a noun):

  • ” How much money do you have ?” ‘ ‘None.” Or we use none of:

    none of these shops none of my money none of it/us/you/them After none of + a plural word (“none of the girls / none of them,” etc.), you can use a singular or a plural verb. A plural verb is more usual, especially in spoken English:

  • None of the people I met were English.

    After no one/nobody we often say they/them/their:

  • Nobody called, did they? (= did he or she)

  • No one in the class did their homework. (= his or her homework)

    You can use any/no with comparative (any better / no bigger, etc.):

  • Do you feel any better today? (= Do you feel better at all? – said to someone who felt sick yesterday)

  • We’ve waited long enough. I’m not waiting any longer. (= not even a minute longer)

  • I expected your house to be very big, but it’s no bigger than mine. (= not even a little bigger)

    For any see also Unit 80.

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