Your hair needs washing. (= Your hair needs to be washed.)
Твои волосы нужно помыть.
The carpet needs cleaning. (= The carpet needs to be cleaned.)
Ковер нужно почистить.
The roof needs repairing.
Крышу нужно починить.
Need + причастие настоящего времени = Need + verb-ing
Sometimes it's useful to talk about fixing or improving things, but without saying who is going to do it. To do this, we can use need + verb-ing.
To talk about fixing or improving things, you can use need with an -ing verb. There
are three parts to this structure. First, you name the thing – my hair, or the car, or
Then you say 'need' - or 'needs' -
and finally, a verb with –ing.