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Прямая и косвенная речь

Упражнения: [339] [340] [341] [342] [343] [344] [345] [346] [347] [348] [349] [350]

Indirect questions - Перевод в косвенную речь вопросительных предложений
Indirect questions
Special questions He asked (me)
He wanted to know
He wondered
"What are you doing?
"Where do you live?"
"Where does he work?"
"What is Nick doing?"
"What have you prepared for today?"
"When did you come home yesterday?"
"When will your mother come home?"
what I was doing.
where I lived.
where he worked.
what Nick was doing.
what I had prepared for that day.
when I had come home the day before.
when my mother would come home.
General questions He asked (me)
He wanted to know.
He wondered
"Are you watching TV?"
"Do you play chess?"
"Does she go to school?"
"Are you listening to me?"
"Have you done your homework?"
"Did you skate last winter?"
"Will you see your friend tomorrow?"
I was watching TV.
I played chess.
She went to school.
I was listening to him.
I had done my homework.
I had skated the winter before.
I should see my friend the next day.

Упражнение 339. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Do you know where the Browns live?" we asked a passerby. 2. "There are a lot of trains to my station on Sunday," said Andrew to us. "You will have no problems getting to my country place." 3. "Do you often meet my sister at the library?" he asked me. 4. "Will the teacher return our exercise books today?" asked Nick. 5. "My nephew is a very capable young man," said the woman. "He has just graduated from college, but he is already a very skilful specialist." 6. "Sit still and don't move your head," said the doctor to me. 7. "I want to know how your cousin likes working at this hospital," said Vera to Helen. 8. "Don't forget to bring your exercise books tomorrow," said the teacher to us. "You are going to write a very important paper." 9. "How can I get to the circus?" asked the girl. "Take tram number five," said the man. 10. "I am very sorry, Kate," said Mike, "I have forgotten to bring your dictionary." 11. "When does your mother go shopping?" asked the neighbour.

Упражнение 340. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said to me: "Come at nine o'clock, I shall be free at that time and we shall have a nice cup of coffee." 2. Nina asked her friend: "What did the professor speak about in his lecture?" 3. Ann said: "He is one of the best speakers I have ever heard." 4. He said: "I haven't yet seen the film you are talking about." 5. He said: "I seldom went to see my friend in May as I was very busy." 6. She asked her brother: "Will you manage to get tickets to the Philharmonic on Sunday?" 7. My friend said: "We arrived in Kiev on Saturday and the next day we went to have a look around the city." 8. She said to me: "Did you live in St. Petersburg ten years ago?" 9. She said to me: "Are you going to leave St. Petersburg for the summer?" 10. My friend said to me: "The discussion will still be going on when you return." 11. He said: "I am proud of my brother who took the first prize at the competition." 12. She asked me: "How long have you been living in St. Petersburg?" 13. She said: "He has just left." 14. He asked me: "When will your parents arrive in St. Petersburg?" 15. She said to me: "Were you present at the meeting yesterday?"

Упражнение 341. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "I shall gladly go to the cinema with you because I haven't seen this film and I want to see it very much," said my aunt. 2. "Which of you can answer my question?" the teacher asked the pupils. 3. "Do you think that simple food is better for children than rich food?" she asked the doctor." 4. "Why did our team lose the game?" said Vera. "It has always been very strong." 5. "Where have you put my book, Mary?" said Tom. "I cannot find it." 6. "I am very happy," said Fred. "I have bought a very good bicycle." 7. "Whom are you waiting for, boys?" asked the man. 8. "I shall not go to the party tomorrow because I don't feel well," said Mary. 9. "We saw a lot of places of interest when we were travelling around Europe last summer," said Walter. 10. "I suppose we shall go to the theatre tomorrow," said Jane. 11. "Please don't take the books from my table," said Lena to me. "I have specially prepared them for working at my report." 12. "Don't be afraid, Nick," said his grandfather. "This dog is very clever and it won't do you any harm."

Упражнение 342. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. When I came home, my mother told me that a friend of mine had called on me half an hour before. 2. He said that he studied at Moscow University. 3. She said that her brother was playing chess with her grandfather. 4. George said it was very difficult to play that role. 5. He asked why there were so few people in the street. 6. The man asked the boy if he knew where he lived. 7. The woman told him not to worry and go home quietly. 8. She said that she would sleep in the open air. 9. She wondered if I was going to leave St. Petersburg the next day. 10. He told me that he had bought that watch the day before. 11. Ann said that she had just had a telephone call from home. 12. My neighbour asked me to leave the key at my sister's. 13. He said he could not understand the rule. 14. He told me he had bought a ticket the day before.

Упражнение 343. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. Annie said that she had seen the film several months before. 2. Lydia said she had not seen it yet. 3. Boris told me that he wanted to make a radio set. 4. Не told me that he had made a radio set. 5. Jack said that he often went to see Bob. 6. She said she had seen Mary that day. 7. Mike said he liked Dickens' novels very much. 8. He told me he had read "Dombey and Son" the year before. 9. The teacher said that the pupils would read the text the next day. 10. She asked me to buy some bread on my way home. 11. Mother told me not to be late for dinner. 12. I asked Mike if he had "Gulliver's Travels". 13. Mike asked me if I had read "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe. 14. I asked John if he would be at home at three o'clock. 15. The teacher asked who was ill. 16. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum.

Упражнение 344. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. The man told us to have our passports ready. 2. He told us to pass up the gangway. 3. He said we would find our luggage on deck. 4.1 asked my friend if he would go down to his cabin or stay up on deck. 5. He said he was a bad sailor and could not stay on deck. 6. We told the porter to take our luggage to cabin number eight. 7. I asked my friend if he often went to England. 8. He said he did not cross the English Channel very often for it was rough as a rule. 9. My friend asked me if I knew when the boat was due1 at Southampton. 10. I asked my friend if he thought it would take us long to get through the customs.

when the boat was due — когда корабль прибывает

Упражнение 345. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. Mary wondered if Jane would be busy the next day. 2. Tom asked if Jane would come to the Philharmonic with him. Jane asked at what time he was planning to go. Tom said that it would take them long to get there. Jane asked where they would meet. 3. John asked Mary if she was afraid of thunderstorm. 4. He asked her if she had ever walked in rainy weather. 5. Mary told John that she preferred sunny days. 6. The woman asked her son if he was in a hurry. 7. Ann asked if they would go to the country the next day. 8. Kate asked her friend what she liked to do on her days off. 9. I asked the secretary if I might speak to the headmistress. 10. Nick wanted to know if Helen would give him her book.

Упражнение 346. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях.

1. I asked my aunt if she was going to her hometown for the holidays. 2. He told me that he hadn't been able to ring me up in time. 3. He asked his classmates to wait for him. 4. He asked her if anyone else knew about his arrival. 5.1 asked him when he would take his last examination. 6. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. 7. She asked me where I lived. 8. He said that he had joined a sports society. 9. He told me that he had seen my brother the day before. 10. She asked me to hurry up as there was little time left before the beginning of the meeting. 11. She asked her friend if the rain had stopped. 12. He answered that it was still raining. 13. My sister told me that she had found the book I was looking for. 14. He said that he didn't like the main character of the book but he could not explain why. 15. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed.

Упражнение 347. Ответьте на следующие вопросы, употребляя косвенную речь.

• E.g. "I like novels written by Dickens," said Nina to her friend Vera. "I have read many of them."

What did Nina say to Vera?

Nina told Vera that she liked novels written by Dickens and that she had read many of them.

1. "My favourite books are 'Gulliver's Travels' and 'Robinson Crusoe'," answered Vera. "And now I am reading a novel by Walter Scott." What did Vera answer Nina?

2. "Last year we learnt some poems by Byron and Shelley, they are so beautiful," said Nina. What did Nina say?

3. "I know many poems by these great poets. I have read some books about Byron and Shelley, too," said Vera. What did Vera tell Nina?

4. "This year we shall read a play by Shakespeare in English," said Nina. What did Nina say?

Упражнение 348. Переведите на английский язык. Сравните конструкцию повествовательных и повелительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Мой друг сказал: "Все ученики нашего класса любят уроки истории." 1. Мой друг сказал, что все ученики их класса любят уроки истории.
2. Я сказал ему: "Мы любим уроки английского языка." 2. Я сказал ему, что мы любим уроки английского языка.
3. Учительница сказала: "Скоро вы будете хорошо говорить по-английски, так как вы много работаете." 3. Учительница сказала, что скоро мы будем хорошо говорить по- английски, так как мы много работаем.
4. Мама сказала: "Не шумите! Дедушка спит." 4. Мама сказала нам, чтобы мы не шумели, так как дедушка спит.
5. Катя сказала: "Папа в комнате. Он читает." 5. Катя сказала, что папа в комнате и что он читает.
6. Учитель сказал: "Я уже проверил вашу контрольную работу." 6. Учитель сказал, что он уже проверил нашу контрольную работу.
7. Аня сказала: "Мы нашли в лесу много грибов."
7. Аня сказала, что они нашли в лесу много грибов.

Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи

"Let's play chess," said Nick. — Nick suggested playing chess.

"All right," said Pete. — Pete agreed.

"Oh no," said Mike. — Mike refused.

Упражнение 349. Переведите на английский язык. Сравните конструкцию вопросительных предложений в прямой и косвенной речи.

1. Вчера наш учитель спросил нас: "Много ли вы читаете?" 1. Вчера наш учитель спросил нас, много ли мы читаем.
2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках "Дэвида Копперфильда", он спросил: "Где вы взяли эту книгу?" 2. Когда он увидел у меня в руках "Дэвида Копперфильда", он спросил, где я взял эту книгу.
3. Потом он спросил: "Знаете ли вы что-нибудь об авторе этой книги?" 3. Потом он спросил, знаю ли я что-нибудь об авторе этой книги.
4. Миша спросил меня: "Когда ты пойдешь покупать книги?" 4. Миша спросил меня, когда я пойду покупать книги.

Упражнение 350. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Did you run a race yesterday?" said Peter. "Yes, we did," said Ann. "Tamara was the first to come to the finish." 2. "Where is my bag, mother?" asked Tom. "I have put it on the chair near the door," said his mother. "Don't forget to put your record book into it." 3. "Why can't we play here, mother?" asked the children. "Father is sleeping," said their mother. "He has worked very much today. Keep quiet." 4. "Why do you help her?" said Alec to us - "She is lazy. She can do everything herself." 5. "I don't want to go to the zoo. I was there last week with my cousin and saw all the animals," said Lena. 6. "Look at my stamps, father," said Nick. "When will you buy some new ones for me?" 7. "I can't do this exercise: it is too difficult," said Tanya. "Why didn't you ask your teacher to explain it?" said her brother. 8. "Can you see the lights over there in the distance?" said the lighthouse keeper. "Yes, I can," said his assistant. "A ship is giving signals."

Изменения, происходящие при преобразовании прямой речи в косвенную