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Диалоги в косвенной речи.

Упражнения: [351] [352] [353] [354] [355] [356] [357] [358] [359] [360] [361] [362]

Indirect questions - Перевод в косвенную речь вопросительных предложений
Indirect questions
Special questions He asked (me)
He wanted to know
He wondered
"What are you doing?
"Where do you live?"
"Where does he work?"
"What is Nick doing?"
"What have you prepared for today?"
"When did you come home yesterday?"
"When will your mother come home?"
what I was doing.
where I lived.
where he worked.
what Nick was doing.
what I had prepared for that day.
when I had come home the day before.
when my mother would come home.
General questions He asked (me)
He wanted to know.
He wondered
"Are you watching TV?"
"Do you play chess?"
"Does she go to school?"
"Are you listening to me?"
"Have you done your homework?"
"Did you skate last winter?"
"Will you see your friend tomorrow?"
I was watching TV.
I played chess.
She went to school.
I was listening to him.
I had done my homework.
I had skated the winter before.
I should see my friend the next day.

Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи

"Let's play chess," said Nick. — Nick suggested playing chess.

"All right," said Pete. — Pete agreed.

"Oh no," said Mike. — Mike refused.

Упражнение 351. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "I shall go to see my friend tomorrow," said Kate. "Will you come with me?" "Yes, I shall," said Pete. "I want to see your friend." 2. "Does your friend always come to school so early?" said Victor. "No," said Mary. "She came so early this morning because she is on duty today." 3. "Let's play badminton," said Nina. "All right," said Mike. "I like to play badminton very much." 4. "Let's run a race," said Bill. "No," said Jack. "I hurt my foot three days ago and now I cannot run." 5. "Will you show me your new flat?" said Tom. "Of course," said Becky. "Come to our place tomorrow." 6. "There is a new film on at our cinema," said Lena. "Let's go and see it." "No, I can't," said Mike. "I shall be busy." 7. "What shall we do with Nick?" said Ann. "He has got a bad mark again." "Let's help him with his Russian," said Pete. "I am sure we can do it."

Упражнение 352. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said: "Who is this man? I don't know him." 2. I thought: "He is a very clever man: he can help me." 3. My brother said: "In two hours I shall have finished my work and then I shall go to the cinema." Then he said to me: "Let's go together." "All right," I said. 4. The teacher said: "Open your books and begin reading the new text." 5. The girl asked: "What is the price of this dress?" 6. "Please help me with this problem, I cannot solve it," I said to my father. "All right," said my father, "let's try to solve it together." 7. He said: "We have forgotten to take the ball!" 8. She said: "I shall be very glad to see you." 9. "Let's go to the Philharmonic. There is a good concert there tonight," said Walter. "Oh, very good," said Robert. "I haven't been to the Philharmonic for a long time." 10. Alec asked me: "Have you ever been to the National Gallery?" "Yes, I have," said I. "I visited it last year when we were staying in London." 11. "Let's go to Finland for the winter holidays," said Kate. "No," said Andrew, "we have already been to Finland. Let's go to Greece. It will be very interesting to see the country we have read about so much." "All right," said Kate, "let's go." 12. Nellie said "Yesterday I went to see Paul, but he was not at home." "Let's go to see him today," said Nick. "I think he will be at home." "No," said Nellie, "I can't go today, I am very busy."

Упражнение 353. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "I haven't seen him since last year," said Lena, "and I think he has grown. Let's go and see him tomorrow." "All right," said I. "It will be interesting to see him and talk to him." 2. "Do you think it is really correct?" I asked my friend. "I am afraid you have made a mistake in one or two words." 3. "That's enough," said Tom's mother," he will never go there again. I shall see to it." 4. "Who will read the next story?" asked grandmother. "It is very interesting, and I am sure you all will like it." 5. "Will you come and see me on Friday?" Lena asked her friend. "All right," said her friend, "I think I shall be free on Friday." 6. "Will you need the book for a long time?" he asked me. "I can give it to you only for a few days." 7. "Soon I shall know the whole poem perfectly," said Mary. "I have already learnt more than half of it." 8. "Will you be able to find their house without me?" said John to me. "You have never been to those parts." 9. "Please don't ask me any more questions," she said to me, "I am very tired. I shall answer all your questions tomorrow." 10. "I shall finish reading the book by Monday, and then you can have it," he said to me.

Упражнение 354. Восстановите прямую речь в следующих предложениях

1. Не told me not to call on him the next day as he would not be at home. 2. The officer ordered the soldiers to wait for him. 3. He said that he had lived in St. Petersburg for many years and knew the city very well. 4. I told my brother that I was sorry he hadn't kept his promise. 5. John told his friend that he had just come from the United States and intended to stay in St. Petersburg for about a month. 6. Our monitor said that he was not satisfied with his report and was going to work at it for some more time. He said that he was to make it on the twelfth of February and so he had a few days left. 7. He said that he was quite all right. The climate hadn't done him any harm. 8. A man came up and asked me where he could buy a video cassette. 9. I asked my brother who had rung him up in the morning.

Упражнение 355. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Last night I was called to the telephone. An unfamiliar voice said: "Is that Dmitri speaking? My name is Pavlov. I have come from Moscow today. I have brought some books for you from your friends. I am staying at the Grand Europe Hotel. When and where can I see you?" "Let's meet at the monument to Pushkin in Arts Square of at five o'clock if it is convenient for you," I said. "All right," he answered, "I shall be there." 2. The shop assistant said: "The shoe department is downstairs." 3. The professor said to his assistant: "You have made great progress." 4. The teacher said to us: "You must read this text at home." 5. Paul said: "We shall have to discuss this text tomorrow." 6. She asked me: "Do you know who has taken my book?" 7. We asked him: "What has happened to you? You look so pale!" 8. She said to me: "I hope you haven't forgotten to post the letter." 9. She asked me: "Where have you put my gloves? I cannot find them." 10. They said to me: "Try this coat on before buying it. Maybe you won't like it when you have put it on."

Упражнение 356. Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи.

1. "Have you done your homework or did you leave it till the evening, Bob?" asked Mike. "I thought of inviting you to go to the theatre with me, but I remembered that you nearly always do your homework in the evening." 2. "I am fond of Dickens," said Jack. "I have been reading "The Old Curiosity Shop" the whole week. I like the novel very much. I am reading it for the second time." 3. "I think my friend has finished reading "Jane Eyre", said Tanya. "I hope she will give it to me soon: I am eager to read it." 4. "Have you got a Russian-English dictionary?" he asked me. "Can you let me have it for this evening? I must do some very difficult translation." "All right," said I. "I won't need it tonight." 5. "I thought about you last night, Lydia," said Nellie. "Have you decided to go to Omsk with your parents or will you remain here with your aunt until you finish school?"

Упражнение 357. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Mother: Nick! Do you hear the alarm clock? Wake up!

Nick: Oh, I am so sleepy!

Mother: Well, that's what you always say. Now, get out of bed quickly.

Nick: Oh!

Mother: Be quick, or you will be late for school.

Nick: No fear. I have a lot of time.

Mother: You forget that you have to brush your teeth and to wash your hands and face.

Nick: Mummy, I remember everything.

Упражнение 358. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Jane: May I come in?

Kate: Is that you, Jane? Come in! It is very good of you to come and see me.

Jane: I came before, but you were too ill to see anybody. Did you get the flowers?

Kate: Surely, I did. It was very nice of you to send them to me.

Jane: How are you now?

Kate: Oh, I am much better, thank you. The doctor says that I shall be allowed to go out in a few days.

Jane: Do you miss school?

Kate: Very much. I am afraid I'll be lagging behind the group in my lessons now.

Jane: Don't think about it. We shall help you.

Kate: Thank you very much.

Обратите внимание на передачу следующих конструкций в косвенной речи

"Let's play chess," said Nick. — Nick suggested playing chess.

"All right," said Pete. — Pete agreed.

"Oh no," said Mike. — Mike refused.

Упражнение 359. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Peter: Are you coming my way?

John: Yes, I am. How are you getting along?

Peter: Jolly well. How did you find the last test in geometry?

John: Rather difficult. I am not very good at solving problems.

Peter: Why didn't you ask me to help you? I'll gladly do it.

John: Oh, thanks a lot. I shall. Have you got a lot of homework for tomorrow?

Peter: Yes. You know the timetable, Friday is always a bad day. We have six lessons tomorrow, and all the subjects are difficult. Besides, there will be questions from my little sister. She is not very good at sums.

John: All right, then. I'll come to your place tomorrow evening, if you don't mind.

Peter: Let's make it tomorrow. I'll be waiting for you.

Упражнение 360. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Susan: Good morning, doctor.

Doctor: Good morning, Susan. What's the matter with you?

Susan: I feel bad. I have a headache, and I am afraid I am running a temperature.

Doctor: Open your mouth and show me your throat. You have a bad cold, Susan. You must stay in bed for two days until your temperature is normal and you stop coughing.

Susan: How I hate being ill and staying in bed!

Doctor: But if you are not careful, you may fall ill with the flu or pneumonia. I'll prescribe some medicine.

Susan: Thank you, doctor. Goodbye.

Упражнение 361. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Michael: I say, Bill, can you show me around a bit?

I only came here two days ago and I haven't been anywhere as yet.

Bill: Of course, I shall do it with pleasure. Let's go at once. And let's invite Alice to come with us. She knows a lot about the places of interest here.

Michael: That's a good idea.

Bill: Alice, can you come with us? We are going for a walk, and I want to show Michael some places of interest.

Alice: No, I can't go with you, boys. I am sorry. Mother told me to buy some bread, and I forgot about it. I shall have to do it now. Go without me. I shall go with you some other time.

Bill: It's a pity. All right, Michael, let's go.

Упражнение 362. Передайте следующий диалог в косвенной речи.

Waiter: What will you order?

Man: Give me the menu, please.

Waiter: Here you are.

Man: Chicken soup for the first course... Waiter: For the second course I recommend you to take fried fish. It is very good.

Man: All right, bring me fried fish.

Waiter: Any vegetables?

Man: Yes, bring me some potatoes, and then cheese, coffee and fruit.

Waiter: Yes, sir.

Изменения, происходящие при преобразовании прямой речи в косвенную