Модальные глаголы

Английская грамматика. Сборник упражнений для школьников.
[517]   [518]   [519]   [520]   [521]   [522]   [523]   [524]   [525]

Must — may — might — can't в значении предположения

MUST — должно быть

MAY - может быть

MIGHT — может быть (но маловероятно)

CAN'T — не может быть

Упражнение 517. Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные подстановочные таблицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизма речи). Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.

Не must
  know your sister,
be busy,
be ill,
be tired,
be hungry.
Не must
be sleeping,
working hard,
watching TV,
having dinner,
playing football.
Не must
have forgotten your address,
lost your book,
missed the train,
caught cold,
fallen ill,
left the country,
sold his piano,
bought a car.

Упражнение 518. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальные глаголы must, may, might или can't.

1. Они, должно быть, работают за границей.

2. Они, может быть, работают за границей.

3. Может быть, они и работают за границей (хотя едва ли).

4. Не может быть, что они работают за границей.

5. Они, должно быть, работали за границей.

6. Они, может быть, работали за границей.

7. Может быть, они и работали за границей (хотя едва ли).

8. Не может быть, что они работали за границей.

9. Он, должно быть, на работе.

10. Он, должно быть, был на работе.

11. Он, может быть, на работе.

12. Он, может быть, был на работе.

13. Может быть, он и на работе (хотя едва ли).

14. Может быть, он и был на работе (хотя едва ли).

15. Не может быть, что он на работе.

16. Не может быть, что он был на работе.

Упражнение 519. Перепишите сначала все предложения, в которых модальный глагол may (might) выражает разрешение, а затем предложения, в которых он выражает предположение. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. I may have wrecked my own life, but I will not let you wreck yours. 2. Justice may be slow, mother, but it comes in the end. 3. He may have written the letter, but the signature is certainly not his. 4. It might have been worse. 5. May I come and see you some day? 6. We asked the teacher if we might use dictionaries. 7. Children may borrow books from the school library. 8. I may show him your reports later. I don't know. 9. Your hair is getting rather thin, sir, may I advise to change your parting ? 10. Mother, may I have a glass of light beer?

'parting' - пробор

Упражнение 520. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол may.

• E.g. Possibly you left your book behind.

You may have left your book behind.

1. Perhaps it was too cold for the children to go out.
2. It is possible that he took his children to the zoo.
3. Possibly they did not see us in the crowd.
4. Perhaps Robert used a dictionary.
5. Possibly Mary misunderstood you.
6. Perhaps Henry waited for us there.
7. Possibly Ann returned very late last night.
8. Possibly they have seen the new play.
9. Perhaps Nick has left his exercise book at home.
10. Perhaps you left your umbrella in the bus.
11. Perhaps he went to the cafe to wait to wait for us.
12. Perhaps it was Helen who rang you up.
13. Perhaps they came by plane.
14. Perhaps she had a very good English teacher.


Упражнение 521. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол maу.

1. Perhaps he is at home, but I am not sure 2. It is possible that we studied at the same school, but I don't remember her. 3. Perhaps she was proud of her knowledge, but she never showed it to her classmates. 4. Perhaps there was a chance for him to win the match. 5. Perhaps Peter was as capable as the old workers, but he was given no chance to show his skill. 6. Perhaps they will come home very soon: be ready. 7. Perhaps the question was too difficult for her. 8. Try this delicious drink: perhaps you will like it. 9. Why didn't Nick ring us up? - It is possible that he forgot about it. 10. It is possible that your brother has never heard about this singer. 11. Perhaps she tried to enter the university, but failed. 12. It is possible that you asked the wrong people, that's why you didn't get the right answer. 13. Perhaps our friends will arrive here tomorrow.


Упражнение 522. Вставьте модальный глагол may или might. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. Don't scold her: the task ... (to be) too difficult for her, that's why she made rather many mistakes. 2. If they'don't miss the train, they ... (to arrive) in time. 3. Why isn't he here yet? What has happened? — Oh, he ... (to miss) the train. 4. He ... (to do) very hard work. That's why he looks so tired now. 5. ... I (to ask) you to take off your hat? 6. She asked me if she ... (to turn) on the light. 7. I am afraid it ... (not to stop) raining by the morning. 8. Don't throw the rest of the birthday cake. He ... (to want) it for dessert. 9. It's raining cats and dogs. ... I (to borrow) your umbrella, please? 10. Do you know where I left the car keys? — You ... (to leave) them in the garage. 11. They don't know where the money has gone. It ... (to steal).

Упражнение 523. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальный глагол may.

1. Может быть, это неправда. 2. Может быть, он занят. 3. Может быть, они знают. 4. Может быть, он все еще за границей. 5. Может быть, она опоздает. 6. Может быть, он сдаст экзамен. 7. Может быть, мы поедем на Волгу. 8. Может быть, она придет завтра. 9. Может быть, я куплю эту книгу в Москве. 10. Может быть, он уже сделал уроки. 11. Может быть, моя сестра уже поговорила с ними. 12. Возможно, они уехали за границу. 13. Может быть, бабушка спит. 14. Может быть, дети играют у реки. 15. Возможно, они сейчас как раз обсуждают этот вопрос. 16. Возможно, она пришлет нам телеграмму. 17. Возможно, они забудут принести газету. 18. Возможно, мой брат забыл позвонить Вам. 19. Возможно, она уже купила билеты. 20. Возможно, они как раз сейчас обедают. 21. Может быть, он сейчас лежит на траве и смотрит на облака.

Упражнение 524. Перепишите сначала все предложения, в которых модальный глагол must выражает долженствование, а затем все предложения, в которых он выражает предположение. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. You must take a taxi if your want to catch that train. 2. You must tell your mother about it. 3. But she must have seen him! 4. Oh, John, think how she must be suffering! 5. Is she waiting? She must have been waiting for an hour. 6. "Oh, Auntie," he answered, "you mustn't talk like that." 7. And remember, you must come and see the baby as soon as you can. 8. You must go home now, Georgie. 9. You must be a fool to think so. 10. The work must have been carried out in secret for quite a long time. 11. The question must be solved before we begin doing anything. 12. Mind, you mustn't spend all the money.

Упражнение 525. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол must.

• E.g. Probably I left my textbook in the classroom.

I must have left my textbook in the classroom.

1. Probably you left your exercise book at school. 2. Evidently she has left the town. 3. Probably Mike has gone to the teachers' room. 4. Probably Tom and Nick are playing football. 5. Probably Helen has got a bad mark. 6. Evidently they have solved the problem. 7. Evidently the pupils have finished writing their composition. 8. Obviously he forgot to warn them. 9. Evidently the meeting was cancelled. 10. Evidently he forgot to send them a telegram. 11. Evidently there was something wrong with the tape recorder. 12. Probably I left my bag in the canteen. 13. Probably you left your umbrella in the bus. 14. Probably Mary forgot to call me. 15. Probably mother took my umbrella. 16. Probably I have seen you before: your face is familiar to me.