Unit 83. All, every, and whole
All everyone everybody everything
We do not normally use all to mean everyone/everybody:
Everybody enjoyed the party, (not All enjoyed …)
Ann knows everyone on her street, (not… all on her street)
Sometimes you can use all to mean everything, but it is usually better to say everything:
He thinks he knows everything, (not knows all)
It was a terrible vacation. Everything went wrong, (not all went wrong)
But you can use all in the expression all about:
They told us all about their vacation.
We also use all to mean the only thing(s):
All I’ve eaten today is a sandwich. (= the only thing I’ve eaten)
Every seat in the theater was taken.
Everybody looks tired today.
Everything she said was true.
We use a singular verb after every/everyone/everybody/everything:
But we often use they/them/their after everyone/everybody, especially in spoken English:
Has everyone got their tickets? (= his or her ticket)
Everybody said they would come. (= he or she would come)
All and whole
We use whole mainly with singular nouns:
Have you read the whole book? (= all the book, not just a part of it)
He was very quiet. He didn’t say a word the whole evening.
She has spent her whole life in South America.
We say the/my/her, etc., before whole. Compare:
the whole book / all the book her whole life / all her life
You can also say “a whole … “:
Jack ate a whole loaf of bread yesterday. (= a complete loaf)
We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns:
all the money (not the whole money)
Every/all/whole with time words
We use every to say how often something happens. So we say every day / every week /
every Monday / every ten minutes / every three weeks, etc.:
We go out every Friday night.
The buses run every ten minutes.
Ann goes to see her mother every three weeks. All day / the whole day = the complete day:
We spent all day / the whole day on the beach.
I’ve been trying to find you all morning / the whole morning.
Note that we say all day / all week, etc. (not all the day / all the week)
For all see also Units 78 and 102c.