Unit 56. Preposition + -ing
If a verb comes after a preposition (in/at/with/about,
etc.), the verb ends in -ing.
Study these examples:
|Are you interested
|I’m not very good
|I’m fed up
|The children are excited
|What are the advantages
|This knife is only
|John went to work
||in spite of
||sick. (See Unit 104.)
|I bought a new bicycle
||away on vacation.
Before going out I called Ann. You can also say: “Before I went out I… ”
What did you do after leaving school? You can also say: “… after you left school?”
You can use -ing with before and after:
They got into the house by breaking a kitchen window and climbing in.
You can improve your English by doing a lot of reading.
You can use by -ing to say how something happened:
Jim left without finishing his dinner.
She ran five miles without stopping.
He climbed through the window without anybody seeing him. (or… without being seen.)
She needs to work without people disturbing her. (or… without being disturbed.)
It’s nice to go on vacation without having to worry about money.
You can use -ing after without:
They decided to go out. But to is also a preposition. For example:
Tom went to Hawaii.
He gave the book to Mary.
I want to play tennis.
I prefer cities to the country.
I’m looking forward to the weekend.
To is a part of the infinitive. For example:
If a preposition is folio wed by a verb, the verb ends in -ing (see section a). So, if to is a preposition and it is followed by a verb, you must say to -ing. For example:
I prefer bicycling to driving, (not to drive)
I’m looking forward to seeing Sue again, (not to see)
For be/get used to -ing see Unit 59.